IntroductionMy aim here is to talk about some popular misconceptions about what science is, what it does, and how to best interpret scientific findings. First, I will speak in general terms, and finally I will look at how these principles apply to CAM (i.e. complementary and alternative medicine), anti-vaccine, anti-GMO, and pretty much any science […]Read More The Scientific Method Explained and Common Misunderstandings for the Religious and CAM Proponents
Samir Okasha’s Darwinian Metaphysics: Species and the Question of Essentialism Key termsIntrinsic property: the necessary property/ies that make a thing what it is. Usually it is considered to be part of the things microstructure but not necessarily. E.g. An intrinsic property of a car is that it has 4 wheels and an engine. An […]Read More Darwin, Metaphysics, and Natural Kinds: What is a Species?
PreambleHere’s a paper I maked for filosofy of sciences class. i maked it myself.There’s an inside joke with my professor Dr. J. Brown that needs some explaining to understand part of this paper. Every time he uses hypotheticals he always says “I could have come to class in a bear suit”. Anyway, the grad students […]Read More Realism vs. Antirealism on Theoretical Entities: Maxwell vs van Fraassen
Notes and Thoughts on Arguments Concerning Scientific RealismSummarizing quote: “The rigour of science requires that we distinguish well the undraped figure of nature itself from the gay-coloured (heh!heh!he said “gay”) vesture with which we clothe it at our pleasure.”–Heinrich Hertz quoted by Ludwig Boltzmann, in turn quoted by Van Fraassen, in turn quoted by me.PreambleIn […]Read More Realism vs. Anti-Realism 2: Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism by Bas Van Fraassen
Notes and Thoughts on “The Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities” by Grover MaxwellPreambleOne of the big debates in philosophy of science is between realists and anti-realist. Although there are many types of each, generally speaking we can say that realists think that our theories describe real entities while the anti-realist don’t. Here’s an example […]Read More Realism vs Anti-Realism: Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities by Maxwell
Preamble and Notes to the Reader People is always axin’ me (jk, lol, #thatneverhappens), why don’t you post your papers? The answer is that while, for the most part, I enjoy writing in my blog, for some reason I don’t like how my philosophy papers turn out. They seem sterile. Anyway, I’m posting this paper because it’s […]Read More Critique of Kuhn: Scientific Revolutions and Semantic Incommensurability
Notes and Thoughts on Kuhn’s The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions: Part 2OverviewKuhn argues that scientific progress comes about when one paradigm is replaced by other. This is in contrast to the view that scientific progress is cumulative, and new theories simply modify existing theoretical structures.Application of The Revolutionary Model to Contemporary ScienceSo, the […]Read More Is Scientific Progress Cumulative or Revolutionary? Kuhn Part 2: Contemporary Science
Notes and Thoughts on Thomas Kuhn’s The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions Favourite Quote: “…whatever its force, the status of the circular argument is only that of persuasion. It cannot be made logically or even probabilistically compelling for those who refuse to step into the circle.” Overview Kuhn’s view of how science works is […]Read More Is Scientific Progress Cumulative or Revolutionary? Kuhn Part 1
Notes and Thoughts on Imre Lakatos’ ‘Science and Pseudoscience’My favourite quote:“But the history of thought shows us that many people were committed to absurd beliefs. If the strength of beliefs were a hallmark of knowledge, we should have to rank some tales about demons, angels, devils, and of heaven and hell and knowledge. Scientist, on […]Read More Thaaaats Not Science: Part 2
The Demarkation Problem: Notes and Discussion of Karl Popper’s Falsificationism OverviewOne issue in the philosophy of science is known as the demarkation problem. That is, where do we draw the line between genuine science and pseudo-science? What’s the difference between astronomy and astrology? Chemistry and alchemy? Medicine and homeopathy? Psychology and Freudian psycho-analysis? Evolutionary biology and creation […]Read More Thaaat’s Not Science!