Relativism, Nihilism, and Realism: You Think You’re a Relativist but You’re Not.

IntroductionIf I had a nickel for every time I hear something like “Well, if it’s right for him, who am I to judge?” I’d still be poor. Not because I don’t hear it a lot but because I’d donate all those nickels to charity. Anyway, relativism–the position that values are relative to an individual or […]

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Hurrah/Boo Theory of Ethics: A. J. Ayer Part 2

The Case for EmotivismRecapIn part 1 we looked at Ayer’s arguments against the idea that any value assertion  (e.g. “x is good/right/bad”) by subjectivism, utilitarianism, or absolutism is not reducible to any testable claim, and is therefore meaningless, except as expressions of emotions of approval or disapproval.  So, for example, if I say “premarital sex is baaaaaaaaaaaad” […]

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