IntroductionIf I had a nickel for every time I hear something like “Well, if it’s right for him, who am I to judge?” I’d still be poor. Not because I don’t hear it a lot but because I’d donate all those nickels to charity. Anyway, relativism–the position that values are relative to an individual or […]Read More Relativism, Nihilism, and Realism: You Think You’re a Relativist but You’re Not.
Notes and Thoughts on J. L. Mackie’s Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong; The Subjectivity of ValuesRecapSo, what were we talkin’ ’bout? Ah! yes, that there are no objective moral values. Let’s look a little more closely at what that might mean…Standards of EvaluationWhat might it mean to say there are no objective moral values? One […]Read More Objective Moral Values Don’t Exist: J. L. Mackie Part 2
The Case for EmotivismRecapIn part 1 we looked at Ayer’s arguments against the idea that any value assertion (e.g. “x is good/right/bad”) by subjectivism, utilitarianism, or absolutism is not reducible to any testable claim, and is therefore meaningless, except as expressions of emotions of approval or disapproval. So, for example, if I say “premarital sex is baaaaaaaaaaaad” […]Read More Hurrah/Boo Theory of Ethics: A. J. Ayer Part 2