US Poli Thought: Hamilton and Brutus

Short Answer

  1. In a sentence or two, what is Hamilton trying to convince the reader of in #23 (i.e, what’s his main point).
  2. In #23,
    1. How much power does Hamilton think the Federal government should have to form direct and support instruments and troops for national defense?
    2. Reconstruct the argument he gives for the answer above.
  3. List at least 3 three issues/problems that the Constitution was supposed to help address/solve.
  4. In terms of how the central government interacts with citizens, what major change did the Constitution bring about?
  5. In #23, Hamilton suggests that the Anti-Federalists are making the wrong arguments against the Constitution. Instead of arguing against the amount of power given to Federal institutions like the military, what line of argument does Hamilton think they ought to pursue?
  6. Dissent of Penn and Letter from Samuel Adams argue that any central government that attempts to govern an expansive and diverse land will necessarily be despotic. In #23, how does Hamilton reply to this accusation with respect to having a national military?
  7. In a sentence or two: How was the supreme court in the Constitution different from the institution and practice in the Articles of Confederacy?
  8. Summarize Brutus’s primary concerns with the Supreme Court as it functions and exists under the Constitution.
  9. Why does Brutus think the SCOTUS will be above the legislature in some respects?
  10. In your own words, reconstruct the fourth point of Memorial and Remonstrance.

Philosophical Issues

  1. Extant of Power for National Defense: Evaluate the argument in 2.2 (of short answers). (Do only either 1 or 2 below)
    1. If you agree, (a) consider one counter argument to the position and (b) respond to the argument.
    2. If you disagree, (a) provide a counter-argument or criticism of Hamilton’s argument, (b) consider how Hamilton might reply.
  2. Suppose a newly created statutory law (i.e., law created by the legislature) conflicts with Constitutional law.
    1. Give the anti-fed argument for why the statutory law should take precedence.
    2. Give two of Hamilton’s arguments for why the constitutional law should take precedence and that this doesn’t violate the principles of democracy.
  3. In 2 or 3 sentences, explain how the position one takes on the nature of rights (socially/politically constructed vs natural law) bears on one’s view of the role and scope of government.
  4. In your own words, outline the Hobbesian vs Lockean approaches (as discussed in class) to handing differing religious views in a population and the reasoning behind those approaches. (Hint: Read Section 1, 11, and 15—also my notes).